McGowan house opened in 1918 as a retreat house. It was built by a group associated with the Theosophical Society of Pasadena, led by Robert Crosbie. Design of the house derives from the the influential early-20th century architects Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene. Greene and Greene structures are prime exemplars of the American Arts and Crafts Movement emphasizing meticulous worksmanship with use of natural materials.
Purchased by the Episcopal Diocese in 1954, the house was then named for the Rev. James Shannon McGowan who established St James Mission Church, Monterey’s first Protestant church, consecrated in 1879. Dr. Julia Moss McGowan, wife of J.S. McGowan, was highly respected in Monterey for expanding the roles of women in public life in Central California McGowan House is administered by St James Church in the service of the parish.
Hunukul is a Rumsien-Ohlone word that refers to the hill on which the current McGowan House and St James Church stand. Cari Herthel, of the Rumsien-Esselen Tribe, has conducted ceremony in McGowan House on behalf of the first people who dwelled here through many millennia and whose descendants live today in Central California.
Today, we recognize that McGowan House occupies a region of ecological and social contrasts. It is a liminal space—a place of transitions. Through the decades, it has become an ever more inclusive, welcoming place, a spiritual center for groups of diverse sensibilities. Many persons experience time-freedom in reverie in this location, attuned with early references to St James Parish as a beacon on a hill.
Associations that regularly meet at McGowan house
Monterey Bay Zen Center
MBZC is a Buddhist meditation community following the Soto Zen tradition brought to Japan by the 13th century Japanese Master Eihei Dogen. In 1959, Shunryu Suzuki Roshi introduced this tradition in San Francisco. He founded the San Francisco Zen Center and Tassajara Zen Mountain Center, and taught meditation as inseparable from everyday life.
The Sunrise Group of Alcoholics Anonymous meets daily at 6:45 AM. Six days a week the meeting is led by a different secretary who chooses a discussion topic based on A.A. approved literature of their choice. The meeting uses a round the horn format for sharing. On Saturday, the format is speaker discussion.